The Daily Mail and Associated Press report on a cold-war era study performed at the Armour Research Foundation, which later became the IIT Research Institute, into the effects of the detonation of a nuclear bomb on the moon. Evidence of the still-classified study has come from interviews with Leonard Reiffel, then group vice president of the institute and later deputy director at NASA’s Apollo Program, who directed the inquiry, and the famous late astronomer Carl Sagan, who was a graduate student at the time.

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